Cortland apple identification

Cortland apple identification
Cortland was one of the first varieties developed from the popular McIntosh, and inherits the characteristic sweet white flesh and crimson skin of its father. However Cortland is a noticeably larger apple and in a good season the flavour can have a more robust yet perfumed quality. A good apple for eating fresh, and also for sweet and savory salads, since cut slices do not brown readily. Parentage: Ben Davis x McIntosh. Introduced / discovered in 1915.

More variety identification images

  • Cortland apple identification - Red Cortland, Ontario
    Red Cortland, Ontario - Fruit
  • Cortland apple identification - Organic Cortland apples in New Hampshire
    Organic Cortland apples in New Hampshire - Fruit
  • Cortland apple identification - Cortland apple from Ontario
    Cortland apple from Ontario - Fruit

Please note that all images are copyright.



Identification

  • Flesh colour - White
  • Flesh colour - Pale Pink or Red
  • Fruit size - Medium
  • Fruit size - Variable
  • Shape features - Anglular (flat-sided)
  • Shape features - Regular, round
  • Shape features - Slightly, broadly, obscurely ribbed
  • Bultitude apple group - 6. Red flushed, smooth, sweet
  • Russet - Present
  • Russet % coverage - Low
  • Russet details - Radiating, stellate, rays, stripes
  • Russet details - Dots, Patches, Spots
  • Russet details - In stem cavity
  • All green or yellow - Other colors present
  • Skin color (when ripe) - Red
  • Skin color (when ripe) - Red (+/or) Pink to Pale Pink
  • Skin color (when ripe) - Yellow (+/or) Green with some Red (+/or) Pink
  • Skin color (when ripe) - Red (+/or) Purple to nearly Black
  • Skin color (when ripe) - Variable
  • Skin blush - Present
  • Skin blush (color) - Red to Deep Red into Dark Purple
  • Scarf skin - Not present
  • Suture lines - Not present
  • Bloom - Present
  • Skin waxy or greasy - No waxiness or greasiness present
  • Skin feel - Smooth
  • Stripes - Stripes present
  • Stripes (details) - Mixed stripes, colors
  • Stripes (details) - Washed - faded
  • Stripes (color) - Crimson to Purplish
  • Stripes (color) - Red
  • Stem (length) - Short
  • Stem (thickness) - Medium
  • Stem (position) - Inclined, Oblique, laying to the side
  • Stem (position) - Slightly Oblique
  • Stem (position) - Upright
  • Stem (details) - Knobby, Clubbed
  • Stem (color) - Brown
  • Stem Cavity (side view depth) - Medium
  • Stem Cavity (side view depth) - Deep
  • Stem Cavity (skin features) - Brown
  • Stem Cavity (skin features) - Green
  • Stem Cavity (skin features) - Green and Russet
  • Stem Cavity (skin features) - Lipped - fold of skin over stem end
  • Stem Cavity (skin features) - Red
  • Stem Cavity (skin features) - Russet
  • Stem Cavity (skin features) - Yellow
  • Stem Cavity (slope to stem) - Steep, Acuminate slope
  • Stem Cavity (slope to stem) - Acute, Medium Slope
  • Stem Cavity (top view orientation) - Oblique - slanted to one side
  • Stem Cavity (top view orientation) - Symmetrical
  • Stem Cavity (top view width) - Wide, Broad
  • Basin skin - Shiny, Smooth
  • Basin skin - Bloom, Scarf, Waxy, Dusty
  • Basin skin - Green
  • Basin width - Narrow
  • Basin width - Moderate
  • Basin (top view) - Uneven, Oblique, Slanted
  • Basin (top view) - Symmetrical, Round
  • Basin (side view slope to eye) - Acute, Regular, Medium slope
  • Basin (side view depth) - Shallow
  • Basin (side view depth) - Medium depth
  • Basin (protruberances) - Undulate, Furrowed, Wavy, Puckered
  • Basal lobes - Slightly present
  • Basal lobes - Not present
  • Dots (description) - Russet
  • Dots (description) - Tan / Cream
  • Dots (description) - White
  • Dots (numbers) - Few
  • Dots (numbers) - Moderate
  • Dots (numbers) - Numerous
  • Dots (size) - Large
  • Dots (size) - Medium
  • Dots (size) - Small
  • Dots (skin lenticels) - Conspicuous, prominent, distinct
  • Dots (skin lenticels) - Inconspicuous, not prominent
  • Dots (spread) - From Basin lessening toward Cavity
  • Flesh (staining) - Not present
  • Flesh (texture) - Crisp, Breaking into chuncks
  • Flesh (texture) - Firm, Hard
  • Flesh (texture) - Granular, Coarse, Mealy
  • Flesh (grain) - Fine
  • Flesh (grain) - Granular, Coarse, Mealy
  • Flesh (juiciness) - Juicy or Very Juicy

Using

  • Uses - Eat fresh
  • Uses - Cooking
  • Flavour quality - Good
  • Flavour style - Vinous
  • Harvest period - Mid season
  • Only sweet flavor - Tart, sub-acid, or bitter flavor detected

Growing

  • Flowering period - Mid season
  • Flowering group - 3
  • First planted - Before 1950

References

  • 'Apples for the 21st Century' by Manhart
  • Cortland - tasting notes, history, and pedigree on OrangePippin.com



Varieties you viewed

  1. Cortland