Cortland apple identification

Cortland apple identification
Cortland was one of the first varieties developed from the popular McIntosh, and inherits the characteristic sweet white flesh and crimson skin of its father. However Cortland is a noticeably larger apple and in a good season the flavour can have a more robust yet perfumed quality. A good apple for eating fresh, and also for sweet and savory salads, since cut slices do not brown readily. Parentage: Ben Davis x McIntosh. Introduced / discovered in 1915.

More variety identification images

  • Cortland apple identification - Red Cortland, Ontario
    Red Cortland, Ontario - Fruit
  • Cortland apple identification - Organic Cortland apples in New Hampshire
    Organic Cortland apples in New Hampshire - Fruit
  • Cortland apple identification - Cortland apple from Ontario
    Cortland apple from Ontario - Fruit

Please note that all images are copyright.



Identification

  • Flesh colour - White
  • Fruit size - Medium
  • Fruit size - Large
  • Fruit shape - Flat
  • Fruit shape - Flat-round
  • Fruit shape - Short-round-conical
  • Fruit shape - Round-conical
  • Shape features - Regular, round
  • Shape features - Slightly, broadly, obscurely ribbed
  • Shape features (vertical view) - Lop-sided, unequal sides, irregular
  • Shape features (vertical view) - Symmetrical
  • Shape uniformity - Uniform, in size and shape
  • Bultitude apple group - 6. Red flushed, smooth, sweet
  • Seeds - size - Medium
  • Seeds - size - Large
  • Core - Abaxile / Irregular
  • Core - Axile / Symmetrical
  • Core - Closed
  • Seeds - point - Obtuse
  • Seeds - characteristics - Dark
  • Seeds - characteristics - Few
  • Seeds - characteristics - Plump
  • Core - carpels - Hollow cylinder at center
  • Core - lines - Moderate
  • Core - lines - Narrow
  • Core - lines meeting - Sides of calyx tube
  • Calyx / Sepals- Opening - Medium
  • Calyx / Sepals - Size - Short
  • Calyx / Sepals - Width - Wide
  • Calyx Tube - Shape - Conic
  • Calyx Tube -  Length - Short
  • Calyx Tube -  Size - Medium
  • Calyx Tube -  Size - Small
  • Calyx Tube -  Stamen - Median
  • Calyx / Sepals - Description - Pubescent
  • Calyx / Sepals - Description - Green with brown tips
  • Calyx / Sepals - Description - Open
  • Calyx / Sepals - Description - Closed
  • Calyx / Sepals - Description - Partially Open
  • Calyx / Sepals - Description - Convergent
  • Calyx / Sepals - Description - Connivent
  • Calyx / Sepals - Description - Erect
  • Russet - Present
  • Russet details - Russet cap covers shoulders of stem cavity
  • Russet details - Radiating, stellate, rays, stripes
  • Russet details - Dots, Patches, Spots
  • Russet details - In stem cavity
  • All green or yellow - Other colors present
  • Skin color (when ripe) - Red
  • Skin color (when ripe) - Yellow (+/or) Green with some Red (+/or) Pink
  • Skin color (when ripe) - Red (+/or) Purple to nearly Black
  • Skin color (when ripe) - Variable
  • Skin blush - Present
  • Skin blush (color) - Red to Deep Red into Dark Purple
  • Scarf skin - Not present
  • Suture lines - Not present
  • Bloom - Present
  • Bloom qualities - Pale lavender colour
  • Bloom qualities - Thin White
  • Skin waxy or greasy - Waxy or greasy (fresh or stored)
  • Skin feel - Smooth
  • Stripes - Stripes present
  • Stripes (details) - Short splashes
  • Stripes (details) - Washed - faded
  • Stripes (color) - Dark Red
  • Stripes (color) - Crimson to Purplish
  • Stripes (color) - Red
  • Stem (length) - Does not extend above cavity
  • Stem (length) - Variable
  • Stem (length) - Short
  • Stem (length) - Medium
  • Stem (length) - Long
  • Stem (thickness) - Medium
  • Stem (thickness) - Thick
  • Stem cavity (russet) - Gray to Brown Russet
  • Stem cavity (russet) - Heavy russet
  • Stem cavity (russet) - Leather-cracked, thick russet looking cracked
  • Stem cavity (russet) - Little, light russet
  • Stem cavity (russet) - Ochre or Green Russet
  • Stem cavity (russet) - Russet cap covers shoulders of cavity
  • Stem cavity (russet) - Russet rays extening out from stem cavity
  • Stem cavity (russet) - Russeted or can be Russet-free
  • Stem (position) - Inclined, Oblique, laying to the side
  • Stem (position) - Slightly Oblique
  • Stem (position) - Upright
  • Stem (details) - Bract node on stem
  • Stem (details) - Swollen at base of cavity
  • Stem (details) - Variable
  • Stem (details) - Knobby, Clubbed
  • Stem (color) - Brown
  • Stem (color) - Green
  • Stem Cavity (protruberances) - Flat, Smooth
  • Stem Cavity (side view depth) - Medium
  • Stem Cavity (skin features) - Brown
  • Stem Cavity (skin features) - Cracking
  • Stem Cavity (skin features) - Green
  • Stem Cavity (skin features) - Lipped - fold of skin over stem end
  • Stem Cavity (skin features) - Red
  • Stem Cavity (skin features) - Russet
  • Stem Cavity (skin features) - Yellow
  • Stem Cavity (slope to stem) - Cone-shaped slope to stem
  • Stem Cavity (slope to stem) - Acute, Medium Slope
  • Stem Cavity (slope to stem) - Obtuse, gradual slope to stem
  • Stem Cavity (top view orientation) - Oblique - slanted to one side
  • Stem Cavity (top view orientation) - Symmetrical
  • Stem Cavity (top view width) - Wide, Broad
  • Basin skin - Red
  • Basin skin - Yellow
  • Basin skin - Shiny, Smooth
  • Basin skin - Pubescent, Downy
  • Basin skin - Bloom, Scarf, Waxy, Dusty
  • Basin skin - Green
  • Basin skin - Silvery gray
  • Basin width - Moderate
  • Basin width - Broad
  • Basin russet - Little, light russet
  • Basin russet - Usually Russet free
  • Basin (top view) - Uneven, Oblique, Slanted
  • Basin (top view) - Symmetrical, Round
  • Basin (side view slope to eye) - Acute, Regular, Medium slope
  • Basin (side view slope to eye) - Obtuse, gradual slope to eye
  • Basin (side view depth) - Shallow
  • Basin (side view depth) - Medium depth
  • Basin (protruberances) - Smooth, flat
  • Basin (protruberances) - Ridged, Ribbed
  • Basin (protruberances) - Undulate, Furrowed, Wavy, Puckered
  • Basal lobes - Not present
  • Dots (description) - Green
  • Dots (description) - Light colored, pale, greyed
  • Dots (description) - Same color as background
  • Dots (description) - Gray
  • Dots (description) - Tan / Cream
  • Dots (description) - White
  • Dots (numbers) - Moderate
  • Dots (numbers) - Numerous
  • Dots (size) - Medium
  • Dots (size) - Small
  • Dots (skin lenticels) - Conspicuous, prominent, distinct
  • Dots (skin lenticels) - Inconspicuous, not prominent
  • Dots (spread) - Equally spread
  • Flesh (staining) - Green
  • Flesh (staining) - Red or Pink
  • Flesh (staining) - Not present
  • Flesh (texture) - Tender, Soft, Melting
  • Flesh (texture) - Crisp, Breaking into chuncks
  • Flesh (texture) - Firm, Hard
  • Flesh (texture) - Granular, Coarse, Mealy
  • Flesh (grain) - Fine
  • Flesh (grain) - Medium
  • Flesh (grain) - Granular, Coarse, Mealy
  • Flesh (juiciness) - Juicy or Very Juicy

Using

  • Uses - Eat fresh
  • Uses - Cooking
  • Uses - Juice
  • Uses - Drying
  • Flavour quality - Very good
  • Flavour quality - Good
  • Flavour style - Aromatic
  • Flavour style - Vinous
  • Flavour style - Sweeter
  • Flavour style - Sharp / refreshing
  • Harvest period - Mid season
  • Only sweet flavor - Tart, sub-acid, or bitter flavor detected

Growing

  • Flowering period - Mid season
  • Flowering group - 3
  • Fruit bearing - Spur-bearer
  • First planted - Before 1950

References

  • 'Apples for the 21st Century' by Manhart
  • Cortland - tasting notes, history, and pedigree on OrangePippin.com



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  1. Cortland